Yujie Zhu, Seung Ho Choi, Xiulin Fan, Jaeho Shin, Zhaohui Ma, Michael R. Zachariah,*Jang Wook Choi,* and Chunsheng Wang*
Adv. Energy Mater. 2017, 1601578
First published: 19 December 2016
Advanced electrode materials have been intensively explored for next-generation lithium-ion batteries (LIBs), and great progresses have been achieved for many potential candidates at the lab-scale. To realize the commercialization of these materials, industrially-viable synthetic approaches are urgently needed. Spray pyrolysis (SP), which is highly scalable and compatible with on-line continuous production processes, offers great fidelity in synthesis of electrode materials with complex architectures and chemistries. In this review, motivated by the rapid advancement of the given technology in the battery area, we have summarized the recent progress on SP for preparing a great variety of anode and cathode materials of LIBs with emphasis on their unique structures generated by SP and how the structures enhanced the electrochemical performance of various electrode materials. Considering the emerging popularity of sodium-ion batteries (SIBs), recent electrode materials for SIBs produced by SP will also be discussed. Finally, the powerfulness and limitation along with future research efforts of SP on preparing electrode materials are concisely provided. Given current worldwide interests on LIBs and SIBs, we hope this review will greatly stimulate the collaborative efforts among different communities to optimize existing approaches and to develop innovative processes for preparing electrode materials.